Acta Gymnica, 2016 (vol. 46), issue 1

Spinal shape analysis in 1,020 healthy young adults aged from 19 to 30 years

Jakub Krejčí, Jiří Gallo

Acta Gymnica 2016, 46(1):3-11 | 10.5507/ag.2016.001

Background: A number of studies on diseased spine have been published; however, there is a relative paucity of studies investigating spine shape characteristics in healthy populations. Such characteristics are needed for diagnostics of spine disorders and assessment of changes in the spinal shape that may have been caused by influence of the modern life style or intensive sport activity. Objective: The aim of the study was to determine characteristics of the spine shape in a large sample of healthy young adults. Methods: Population cross-sectional study. A non-radiographic surface method (system DTP-3) was used for the assessment of spine shape in...

External and internal load of playing positions of elite female handball players (U19) during competitive matches

Jan Bělka, Karel Hůlka, Michal Šafář, Radim Weisser

Acta Gymnica 2016, 46(1):12-20 | 10.5507/ag.2015.025

Background: Effective training depends on knowledge of the sport's requirements. Physical (external load) and physiological (internal load) analyses will provide valuable data that can be used for other research and to improve specific training requirements. Handball is an intermittent sport game, and it is important discover the factors, that affect the performance in a handball match. Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze and compare motion and heart rate of playing positions of female handball players during competitive matches.Methods: Heart rate and motion-time analyses were examined during six competitive matches of the Czech elite...

Is pedometer-determined day-of-the-week variability of step counts related to age and BMI in Czech men and women aged 50 to 70 years?

Jana Pelclová, Karel Frömel, Emil Řepka, Ladislav Bláha, Aleš Suchomel, Igor Fojtík, Dana Feltlová, Petr Valach, Svatopluk Horák, Jiří Nykodým

Acta Gymnica 2016, 46(1):21-29 | 10.5507/ag.2016.003

Background: Day-to-day walking variability appears not to be random and may fluctuate by day of week or type of day (workdays/non-workdays). The day-of-the-week variability is less clear in period of life transition between the ages of 50-70 years. Moreover, it is unclear whether the variability is related to age or BMI.Objective: The aim of this study was to identify the weekdays-weekends patterns and the day-to-day variability in step patterns in men and women of different age and BMI groups. Methods: During the years 2009-2012, 1,170 individuals (532 men and 638 women) aged 50-70 years participated in a seven-day monitoring using a Yamax Digiwalker...

Assessment of basic physical parameters of current Canadian-American National Hockey League (NHL) ice hockey players

Martin Sigmund, Steven Kohn, Dagmar Sigmundová

Acta Gymnica 2016, 46(1):30-36 | 10.5507/ag.2015.027

Background: Physical parameters represent an important part of the structure of sports performance and significantly contribute to the overall performance of an ice hockey player. Basic physical parameters are also an essential part of a comprehensive player assessment both during the initial NHL draft and further stages of a professional career. For an objective assessment it is desirable to know the current condition of development of monitored somatic parameters with regard to the sports discipline, performance level and gaming position. Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze and present the level of development of basic physical characteristics...

Recovery of somatosensory and motor functions of the paretic upper limb in patients after stroke: Comparison of two therapeutic approaches

Kateřina Macháčková, Jana Vyskotová, Jaroslav Opavský

Acta Gymnica 2016, 46(1):37-43 | 10.5507/ag.2015.026

Background: Frequent and extensive disturbances to the somatosensory and motor hand functions after stroke are common. This study explores a new therapeutic approach that may improve the effectiveness of rehabilitation for these upper limb impairments. Objective: To assess the effect of rehabilitation combining standard therapy and somatosensory stimulation on sensorimotor hand functions. To compare the effect of this method with the standard method of rehabilitation. Methods: Two groups of patients were used to compare the effect of standard therapy (group A, n = 15, age = 59.8 ± 9.4 years),...

Czech self-efficacy scale for physical education majors towards children with disabilities

Ladislav Baloun, Martin Kudláček, Jana Sklenaříková, Ondřej Ješina, Alena Migdauová

Acta Gymnica 2016, 46(1):44-54 | 10.5507/ag.2016.002

Backround: Including students with disabilities into general physical education (PE) is currently common practice in most European countries. SE-PETE-D is based on Bandura's self-efficacy model. SE-PETE-D measures self-efficacy of PE teacher education majors' toward including students with intellectual disabilities (ID), physical disabilities (PD) and visual impairment (VI) in PE frameworks. Objective: The main purpose of this study was to determine the validity and reliability of SE-PETE-D in Czech language. Methods: Transformation and standardization of the questionnaire was done in several steps. The English version of the questionnaire was...